Jean Tinguely (1925 – 1991) was a Swiss artist and one of the leaders of the New Realists movement. In the 1930s, he studied industrial art and design in Basel. After the war, he held many exhibitions in France and Switzerland.
In 1960, Tinguely gained international renown with his Hommage to New York. This self-destructing machine, presented at the Museum of Modern Art, was made up of objects found on rubbish tips. It heralded a highly successful period for Tinguely, during which his style became more minimalist.